**14. PROBABILITY**

**MAX.MARKS-16**

**TIME-1 H**

**Which of the following arguments are correct and which are not correct? Give reasons for your answer.**

(i) If two coins are tossed simultaneously there are three possible outcomes—two heads, two tails or one of each. Therefore, for each of these outcomes, the probability is 1/3

(ii) If a die is thrown, there are two possible outcomes—an odd number or an even number. Therefore, the probability of getting an odd number is ½**A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each time. Hanif wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e., three heads or three tails, and loses otherwise. Calculate the probability that Hanif will lose the game.****A box contains 90 discs which are numbered from 1 to 90. If one disc is drawn at random from the box, find the probability that it bears (i) a two-digit number (ii) a perfect square number**

(iii) a number divisible by 5.**12 defective pens are accidentally mixed with 132 good ones. It is not possible to just look at a pen and tell whether or not it is defective. One pen is taken out at random from this lot. Determine the probability that the pen taken out is a good one.****One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting (i) a king of red colour (ii) a face card**

(iii) a red face card (iv) the jack of hearts

(v) a spade (vi) the queen of diamonds**A die is thrown once. Find the probability of getting**

(i) a prime number; (ii) a number lying between 2 and 6;

(iii) an odd number.